Welcome to Natural-Medicinal-Herbs.Com - Trusted Information on Herbs & Herbal Supplements
SCIENTIFIC NAME(S): Pistacia lentiscus L. Fam. Anacardiaceae
COMMON NAME(S): Mastic, mastick (tree), mastix, mastich, lentisk
Mastic resin was used in ancient Egypt as incense and to embalm the dead.It has also been used as a preservative and a breath sweetener. Mastic resin is still used as a flavoring in some Greek alcoholic beverages (eg, "retsina" wine) and in chewing gum from the island of Chios.
Mastic is collected from an evergreen, dioecious shrub, which can grow to 3 m in height. It is native to the Mediterranean region, primarily in the Greek Island of Chios. Its leaves are green, leather-like, and oval. The small flowers grow in clusters and are reddish to green. The fruit is an orange-red drupe that ripens to black.Mastic is "tapped" from the tree from June to August by making numerous, longitudinal gouges in the bark. An oleoresin exudes and hardens into an oval tear shape, about the size of a pea (3mm). The transparent, yellow-green resin is collected every 15 days. If chewed, it becomes "plastic," with a balsamic/turpentine-like odor and taste. A related species is P. vera, the pistachio nut.
Uses of Mastic
Mastic has been used as a flavoring and a breath sweetener. It has also been studied for the treatment of ulcers. Mastic may also have antibacterial, antihypertensive, antioxidant, and cytoprotective effects.
Side Effects of Mastic
Allergic reactions have occurred.
Most toxicity regarding mastic or source P. lentiscus involves allergic reactions. The plant pollen is a major source for allergic reactions.The first report of immunological reactions to pollen extracts of Pistacia genus occurred in 1987.A monographic review on mastic discussing chemistry, pharmacology, and toxicity is available. Children ingesting mastic may develop diarrhea.
© Natural-Medicinal-Herbs.Com. All rights reserved.
Disclaimer :- The information contained in this web site is for educational purposes only and is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Readers should not use this information for self-diagnosis or self-treatment, but should always consult a medical professional regarding any medical problems and before undertaking any major dietary changes. We will not be liable for any complications or other medical accidents arising from or in connection with the use of or reliance upon any information on this web site.